The world is feeling the adverse effects of climate change — from increasing temperatures to more frequent flooding and wildfires. For this reason, many countries have already started to take action against climate change, something that can be reflected in their development of strategies or plans to adapt to the effects of climate change while reducing them.

Countries are not the only ones counting on strategies or plans to act against climate change. Some cities also have efforts to push climate action forward. As acknowledged in the climate change adaptation plan from the city of Barrie (Canada):

“Having a detailed…


Special article for the Earth Day

The world’s population is projected to reach 9.9 billion by 2050, increasing by more than 25% from 2020’s population of 7.8 billion. In contrast, the animal population is decreasing heavily every year. For instance, around 60% of all fish, birds, reptiles, and mammals were wiped out by human activity between 1970 and 2014[1].

The situation is only getting worse. …


Resilient development makes sure that, through inclusive systems-building and capacity development, individuals and communities have what they need to be better prepared to cope and recover from crises[1]. Resilience is, hence, vital to move forward into sustainable and inclusive development.

One way to achieve resilience is by adapting to climate change and its future effects. Strong adaptation skills lead to a greater resilience level. These two terms are intrinsically linked to each other — not only adaptation leads to resilience, but resilience is a property needed for having the capacity to adapt.

Source: UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji, Climate-resilient development: the future of financing in the Pacific (2019). Available at: https://climatefinancenetwork.org/media/news/climate-resilient-development-the-future-of-financing-in-the-pacific/

It is essential to ask how to enable…


According to the last Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on Global Warming (2018), if we continue living the way we currently are (also known as “business as usual”), the sea-level is expected to rise by 18 cm by 2030, and 44 cm by 2070 [i]. While 44 cm may not sound like a significant change, especially scattered in 50 years, this increase is enough to cause disruptions, affecting directly coastal areas and islands.

In global terms, this would mean:

1. Reduction of habitable land,

2. The disappearance of vital natural reservoirs and parks located at the shorelines,

3. Extensive…


The importance of adapting societies to the threats of climate change has been widely recognised by many countries and international organisations, such as the United Nations (UN) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). We have reached a point in which reducing carbon emissions is no longer enough to reduce the effects of climate change. Hence, to avoid its threats and uncertainties, adaptation is a necessary, winning and vital approach to be taken.

“We have reached a point in which reducing carbon emissions is no longer enough to reduce the effects of climate change.

For those who are…

Adaptating for the Future

My name is Cristina Bernal Aparicio and I write to raise awareness and share knowledge on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.

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