An analysis of the flood adaptation of the province of Cádiz (Spain)

Cadiz coast (Spain)

Introduction

The importance of adapting societies to the threats of climate change has been widely recognised by many international organisations and countries, such as Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD 2015) and the United Nations (UN 2019). In fact, reducing carbon emissions is no longer enough to half the effects of climate change ((UN 2019); (Shaw, et al. 2007, 2)) and, hence, to avoid its threats and uncertainties, adaptation is a necessary, winning and vital approach to be taken (Loftus 2011).

“Reducing carbon emissions is no longer enough to half the effects of climate change and, hence, to avoid its threats and uncertainties, adaptation is a necessary, winning and vital approach to be taken.

By not adapting to climate change, responsible for increasing the frequency of natural hazards (Acevedo & Novta 2017), governments expose their citizens to higher vulnerabilities (Street 2007), which, in fact, increases the risks of suffering its negative impacts (Wisner, et al. 2004), hindering sustainable development (UNFCCC 2005). In Spain, floods have been and are the natural hazards that more economic and life losses have caused ((PreventionWeb 2019); (BOE 2019)) and the Province of Cádiz, one of the southern provinces in Andalusia, is one of the most exposed ((EM-DAT 2019); (Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Dirección General de Planificación y Gestión del Dominio Público Hidráulico, 2007);(Red de Información Ambiental de Andalucía 2019)).

Empirical findings and conclusion

Following the guidelines from the handbook Adapting Urban Water Systems to Climate Change (2011), one can find the following:

  • Bankoff, G., Frerks, G. & Hilhorst, D. (2004). Mapping Vulnerability. Disasters, Development & People, s.l.: Earthscan.
  • BOE (2019). Real Decreto 903/2010, de 9 de julio, de evaluación y gestión de riesgos de inundación. [Online] Available at: https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rd/2010/07/09/903/con
  • Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Dirección General de Planificación y Gestión del Dominio Público Hidráulico (2007). Informe Sectorial Inicial Inundaciones. Programa Andaluz de Adaptación al Cambio Climático, Sevilla: Junta de Andalucía.
  • Coppola, D. (2011). Introduction to International Disaster Management (2 ed), Oxford: Elsevier.
  • EM-DAT (2019). s.l.: s.n.
  • European Commission (2019). Adaptation to Climate Change. [Online] Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/adaptation_en [Accessed 18 02 2019].
  • FAO (2007). Good Governance in Land Tenure and Administration, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  • González, M. (2018). Andalucía es la comunidad con más casos de corrupción tras Valencia. La Razón, 18 06.
  • International Labour Organization (2018). The Employment Impact of Climate Change Adaptation, Geneva: International Labour Organization.
  • Johnson, C. (2011). Creating an enabling environment for reducing disaster risk: Recent experience of regulatory frameworks for land, planning and building in low and middle-income countries. Paper prepared for the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction, London: ISDR.
  • Junta de Andalucía (2017). La sociedad andaluza ante el cambio climático , Sevilla (Spain): Fundación Pública Andaluza Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  • Loftus, A.-C. (2011). Adapting urban water systems to climate change, Freiburg (Germany): ICLEI European Secretariat GMBH.
  • PreventionWeb (2019). Spain- Disaster & Risk Profile. [Online] Available at: https://www.preventionweb.net/countries/esp/data/ [Accessed 01 02 2019].
  • Ramos, P. (2018). ¿Por qué algunas ciudades se inundan más que otras?. eltiempo.es, 20 11.
  • Red de Información Ambiental de Andalucía, 2019. Laboratorio Rediam. [Online] Available at: http://laboratoriorediam.cica.es/VisorRediam/ [Accessed 20 02 2019].
  • Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal (2018). Informe del Mercado de Trabajo de Cádiz , Madrid (Spain): Gobierno de España .
  • Shaw, R., Colley, M. & Connell, R. (2007). Climate change adaptation by design: a guide for sustainable communities, London: TCPA.
  • Street, R. B. (2007). World Meteorological Organization. Adapting to Climate Change: a Challenge and an Opportunity for Development. [Online] Available at: https://public.wmo.int/en/bulletin/adapting-climate-change-challenge-and-opportunity-development [Accessed 15 03 2019].
  • OECD (2015). Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change, Paris: OECD.
  • UN (2019). Climate Adaptation. [Online] Available at: https://www.unenvironment.org/explore-topics/climate-change/what-we-do/climate-adaptation [Accessed 29 02 2019].
  • UNEP (2014). UNEP Urges Increase in Adaptation Funding. [Online] Available at: https://unfccc.int/news/unep-urges-increase-in-adaptation-funding [Accessed 15 03 2019].
  • UNFCCC (2005). Seminar of Governmental Experts (16–17 May 2005) Abstract of a presentation by Finland on behalf of the European Community and its member States, s.l.: UNFCCC.
  • Wisner, B., Blaikie, P., Cannon, T. & Davis, I. (2004). At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters, London: Routledge.

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Adaptating for the Future

Adaptating for the Future

13 Followers

My name is Cristina Bernal Aparicio and I write to raise awareness and share knowledge on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.